GIMP 101 Tutorial for Beginners: Learning the Basics

GIMP 101 Tutorial for Beginners: Learning the Basics

October 11, 2019 87 By Peter Engel


hello and welcome to yet another
tutorial by Davies media design I’m Michael Davies and today I’m going to be
going over the basics of GIMP. This is version GIMP 2.6 there’s a couple new – newer
versions out of GIMP but this one still my favorite so I’m just
gonna go over the toolbar right here and the Layers panel over here which I’m
still getting a lot of questions about even after I’ve done some more advanced
tutorials so I’m gonna go over this and that way you guys can
be better GIMP users so a big question I always
get is where does this layers panel come from over here on the right – the layers bar and if you don’t automatically have it
open like if it looks like this, to get it to
open up go to “Windows” “recently closed docs” and then it’ll be
right here under “layers, channels, paths, undo” so just click that. And that’ll bring up your layers, and I’ll go over the layers here in a second so, going from top to bottom left to
right the very first tool is the rectangular
Select Tool and what this does is allows you to fill
in the area a or at least just select within an area so
that you can paint within that area using either the bucket fill tool
or the gradient tool which is called the blend tool here or any of these paint tools and then to resize a rectangle just click within the rectangle area and come up to
the top and you can click and drag come over to this side and you can do the
same thing on all sides same applies to this tool which the elliptical select tool same basic concept except this you can make the ellipse shape. if you want a
perfect circle with the elipse tool you can come over
here to the toolbar and under here it says size, you can choose exactly what size it is. So here I’ll
change the width and height to be the same so they’ll each be 571 or at least close to it and uh you’ll get a circle you can also
change the exact position here and up here are rulers telling
you where exactly you are positioned on the
image and then up here gives you the dimensions of the image this one’s 1920 by 1080 pixels and you can feather the edges before you draw it which means that
once you draw it if you like color this in with the paint
brushes it’s gonna go a little bit outside the edges Kinda like a gradient type affect so all demonstrate here using the bucket
fill tool and as you can see if I come over to select>none which gets rid of that select tool, the
edges are a little blurry and depending on how I’m high up you
turn the feathering, it’ll make the edges
more more blurred so some other features with the ellipse
select tool, and these also apply to the rectangular select tool is you can change the mode so that for instance if you go to
add to selection mode what’ll happen is
it’ll just keep building upon the shape of the selection and then
there’s also the subtract from the current selection
so we’ll do the exact opposite you know kinda carve out of that shape that you
originally drew and then there is the a intersect with current selection
which’ll make a shape out of whatever areas are being intersected
by the newer ellipse so there we have this new shape. If you come over to select none it’ll just get rid of the selection. The
Lasso Tool or the free select tool allows you to freely draw wherever you want so few if you click once – and by a draw I mean – this is gonna turn into a selection
like that, so if I click once and his move the mouse
over to wherever it’s gonna draw a straight
line for me whereas if I click and hold you can freely move the mouse around and it’ll make a
selection out of that so the instances where this comes in
handy is like if you trying to remove the background of an image. Right now I’m just going over the “a”. But let’s say you wanted to remove everything around this a or you wanna just to delete that a, or paint over it, you just use the select tool and you can you know provided that you’re on the
right layer you can there color over just the a and if you go to select>invert you can color everything except for
the a. So it comes in handy a lot of times when you’re trying to erase a background or color over a background obviously you would use the eraser if you were trying to erase the background to the next thing on here is the fuzzy
select tool so this basically operates on shapes within a layer in this case I have the
text layer selected and it’s going to select everything outside of the text if I
click the area outside the text or if I
click the actual text itself it’ll only select
that text the next who is the selected by color
tool and this is only gonna select objects that have the same color as
what you selected so if I come over here to this layer that I made and I click this white area it’s only gonna select everything with that exact color so I’m going to go to select none. Now the other select tools include the scissor select tool and the foreground select tool I don’t really ever use that stuff so I’m not going to go over it. The paths tool it’s kinda like in Illustrator where you
can create a path by creating points and then clicking
and dragging and this allows you to just draw shapes there’s not really a need for it within GIMP, so I wouldn’t really
recommend using it nobody really ever uses that. Color
picker – that just allows you to choose a color within a layer so that it’ll use that color over here in the
foreground and background color squares which is what you would then use with the bucket
fill tool or the paint tool So the Zoom tool – that allows you to
zoom in on the image so you can get a closer look or if you hold control and then click it’ll make it zoom out and you can toggle those options here to
zoom in zoom out if you wanna hold control. The measure
tool allows you to see exactly how far something is from another thing another object and
other measurements are gonna come down here so for instance if I want this GIMP
basics thing to be a certain amount of pixels away from the top I can click on the top and drag down – click on top and drag down till I get to
the letter and see exactly how far down it is here
it saying that its 390 pixels down and it also shows you the angle at which
you dragged down right here it says 90 degrees and another tool that has to do with measurements is the rulers and they are either at the top or on the side and to use the ruler you
just click at the very top where measurements are
and drag down and that’ll give you a ruler and you can do the same from the side
and you’ll see down here at the bottom it’ll show you where
you’re adding that new guide in pixels. So this is good when you need
exact measurements of where to put objects and to get rid of them, just click and
drag them if you have the move tool selected which is
this tool right here so that’s the next tool on the tool bar. And that just allows you to move objects within a layer that you
have selected by clicking and dragging the crop tool allows you to crop a
certain portion of an image you know – if let’s say you don’t want this image
to be 1920 by 1080 you just want this to be your image you would just click and drag like I did from the start top left to bottom
right of where you want to crop and then you double-click and now this image is cropped so that this is the entire image the rotate tool allows you to rotate the
layer so I have the background layer select
right now if I wanted to rotate it I would just click and drag to whatever angle I wanted it to be rotated at
denoted right here or I can change its position as to where it’s
being rotated and just click rotate or you know
reset or cancel real quick I’m just gonna go over the layers
thing over here on the right is the Layers panel and you have a bunch of layers here each layer has has its own name and it has
its own content on it if you are using GIMP right. You want to use the layers in a way that every
object every new object you create is on its own
new layer so for instance I have a background
layer So if I click this eyeball here it’ll make the layer disappear This layer is just a pattern
layer this layer is a- kind of shape design I did and you
can change the opacity of the layer by clicking on that layer that you want to adjust and come up here to opacity and you can change, you know, how transparent that image is and there’s text layers and to tell if it’s
a text layer you’re just going to see a “T” with like a rhombus shape underneath it and to edit a text layer just
double-click it and this text box comes up if you’re using version 2.6 and then you come over here and you can
change the font above the text if you click this button
it’ll it’ll take the font selections and give
it its own little box here which just makes it easier to
look through all the fonts you change the size of the font you can
change in what units you wanna do the size of the font in. So you can do inches, you can do millimeters you can change the color of the
font by clicking in this rectangle here and a you can
change how the font is aligned to the page you can also change the spacing of each row of font. Right here I only have one row so it’s not going to do anything and you can change the spacing of the letters in the font by using this as you
can see the font is spreading out and right now I have other layers on
top of that font so that’s why it looks all weird like that
you can also make a path from the text or text along a path I don’t ever really
use those so you don’t really need to know about that now here’s the bucket fill tool which is a
pretty important to first off to demonstrate this I’m going to
create a new layer so come over here layers and channels tool bar over here and click this page which’ll create a
new layer you can name the layer – I’ll just name it fill. And here you can have the size of the layer change right now it’s at the default
setting 1920 by 1080 which is the same size as
your image here and you can do a layer fill if you want. The
foreground color will be what’s in this box – background-color
will be what’s in this box and right now their the same and you can also just do a white or
transparency which means that the background will be clear. So I’m
gonna go with that here’s the new layer. Whenever a layer
is on top of another layer is going to cover everything underneath it and when there’s other
things on top of this layer, those
things are going to be above this one in the image that you’re making so you can either fill the foreground
color which you can change by double-clicking and you can adjust the colors using
this bar right here and clicking and dragging in here and once you find the color you like
just click OK down here are some pre-made colors. These are colors that were used previously so just click OK and to use the fill just click within
the image and it’ll fill everything you can change the opacity hit control>z to undo so like I said before using the select
tools you can also- in this case I’m creating an elliptical- make sure the mode is is – make sure it’s set to the right mode – in
this case I just want replace the current selection so come back to the bucket fill tool and we’re still on the same layer that we
just created and using the bucket fill tool, when we click
within the ellipse select, it’s only gonna fill in
the ellipse shape. Then go to select none and there’s your fill and the edges are still
blurry because I still have it set to “feather edges”. View part 2 on our channel.