Photoshop-Tutorial für Anfänger (Deutsch)

Photoshop-Tutorial für Anfänger (Deutsch)

August 14, 2019 98 By Peter Engel


Photoshop can be a little confusing in the beginning but with the right instructions everything changes. You’ll find a list of timecodes in the description below. In the beginning I drag a picture from its folder into Photoshop. Now the editing can begin. On the left hand side you can change between the tools. A basic one is the brush which enables us to draw on the picture. I, for myself, however do not use it that often, because in this case the B key is much faster to use. Easy to remember, since Brush starts with the letter B. To zoom into the picture I hold down the Alt key and scroll with the mouse wheel back and forth. To shift the viewframe you can keep pressing the H key to switch temporarily to the hand tool. Ctrl + 0 brings us back to the whole picture. Mac user use Cmd instead of Ctrl An alternative to Alt + mouse wheel is the zoom tool on Z If you want to invert the zoom hold down the Alt key Enough zoom tips for this tutorial, now we make boulders disappear Instead of the normal brush I use the special one on J and after marking the boulder Photoshop automatically replaces the area with water from the surroundings. To increase the size of my brush, I hold down Alt and the right mouse key and now I drag the mouse to the right. Dragging to the left obviously decreases the size. Up and down dragging changes the color spreading. Left is 100%, the other one is clearly weaker. And yet another configuration. To show you this I have put a white layer onto the image. In real life it might look like this: On the bottom lies the image, then I put another layer on top that gets drawn on and on top of that you can even put a transparent or a clipped object. The order is totally changeable. In Photoshop the picture lies here and with Ctrl + Shift + N (like new) I created a new transparent layer above it. With G you can pour paint onto the transparent layer To change the color from red to white I press X Thus in the lower left red and white are getting swapped. To delete my white sketch layer, I select it with the mouse and press delete. Alt and the right mouse key get pressed to increase the size Now the large boulder gets treatment by J And another boulder vanishes. Even cleaning can be done – just use J. Wanna get rid of chicken? They have never been there in the first place. Coming up next: Corrections The brightness can be increased and there is an adjuster for the contrast as well In our example the brightness gets the attention and now this white rectangle is crucial. I click on it, press B for brush and paint the mask with black color. Black seems to repeal the correction. Pressing Alt and clicking on the mask Photoshop temporarily only shows the mask itself. By that I can easily spot places I’ve missed so far. Changing the color to grey makes the mask only work partially 50% grey thus means 50% as strong as black. With Alt and click on the white rectangle everything is back to normal. Without the Alt key Photoshop proudly presents a ton of settings for the mask. Incredibly useful is the mask feather which makes the transmission smoother. Ctrl + I inverts the mask hence black turns into white and the other way around. Finally the mask gets deleted and we now turn to the levels (Germans might call it “Tonwertkorrektur”) The left adjuster is for dark tones for example the palm tree shadows, the adjuster in the middle is for medium tones and far right is for bright English: Curves
German: Gradationskurven The finger symbol is really useful to catch the exakt hue of an object and colors similar to the selected will be corrected in particular. A second finger action adds a second point on the graph And there is even more to explore. Learning by doing is the key here. Furthermore one of my favorite tools is located on O. The Dodge Tool is virtually a brush for brightness. There is Shadows for dark tones, Midtones and Highlights like with the levels earlier in this tutorial. Where there is a brush for brightness, there is a brush for darkness. And now a little lesson in physics. Blue light shines on a white paper, the paper lights blue (surprise, please give me a Nobel Price) Now there is also red light and where red and blue light meet each other we get magenta (Fake! there is a black wall and one hidden magenta light) In Photoshop if we increase the value for red and blue light the result is magenta, too. (Unbelievable!) We can create every single color just by changing the value of blue, green and yellow. Guess why there are only 3 different cones in the human eye. Zero color is black and the sun is white, cause it delivers everything. If your sun is yellow, just reduce the value for blue and you can now explain to your kids why the sky is blue. (In the after effects tutorial we create new babies) The tab “channels” provides you with adjusters for the 3 different channels and we can even play color blind, by turning one of them off. Now say hello to correction mask “Hue/Saturation” Once again the finger symbol is in the center of attention and this time we can turn off a specific color, for example the water in the pool, by swiping left and right There are a lot of adjusters to play with. Want to see a sunset you have never seen before? Photoshop makes the impossible possible. If your camera has a color fault, color balance will be there for you and there are also some foto filters. Look, how many adjusters there are. Isn’t it beautiful? Another effect good to know is called the Gradient Map. Here we can select two colors that are going to be the main colors. Black and white filters are not to be omitted either and playing with the adjusters never gets boring. The blossom shall be in color and the rest black and white? Once again click on the white rectangle and do not spare it with black color. To reset the color palette back to black and white I press D swapping them is muy fácil, just press X. The area painted in black becomes colored again because the mask is not there anymore. Nevertheless it is not exact enough and so the magic wand on W comes in to play. Just hold down the left mouse key and let the magic happen. Remember: W is the hotkey Areas that go beyond the border can be removed by clicking while holding the Alt key. The last part gets added to our selection after unholding Alt again. Now holding Alt one more time I click on the white rectangle and thanks to the selection even my 3 year old cousin perfectly could paint the blossom in black since everything beyond the border is protected. Alt in combination with the delete key saves us even more time and with ctrl instead of Alt the area would be filled with white. After we have finished just press ctrl + d to deselect. Smoother transmission is once again achieved, if you click on the mask and increase the feather. Ctrl + I lets you invert it. Now the backdrop is colored and the blossom is grey. Opacity on 64% and the effect is only partional. Hold Shift and click on the mask and behold the before-after effect. Shift + Alt + Left mouse key is for nerds only. Next I want to cut out this beautiful butterfly and paste it to our blossom One part of the wings is blurry and so I select the Sharpen Tool to sharpen it a little. But please do not exaggerate, otherwise it gets unnatural. Forward-looking I’ve created a copy of that layer with Ctrl + J, that I can now delete with the delete key to get rid of my mistake. For a rough cut I activate the selection tool on M and create a rectangular selection. Everything outside the rectangle shall be deleted, but if I press delete in the current state the opposite happens. Thus I undo my step with ctrl + Alt + Z (only ctrl z is kind of an before-after) To invert the selection I press Ctrl + Shift + I and now everything outside gets selected and we can finally delete the right area. For the details I zoom in, hide all unimportant elements by clicking on the eye holding down Alt and if I did not know better I would maybe use the eraser on E but there are more suitable alternatives. With L you can activate the lasso and surround the object till we are back at the beginning. There is a symbol to convert the short living selection into a long living mask For straight edges there is also the polygon lasso Pressing shift the lines are in an 0, 45 or 90 degree angle and the magnet lasso is very similar to the magic wand. If I want to add a selection to an already existing one to include the butterfly’s antenna I have to hold down shift while using the selection tool. Unnecessary waste gets deselected while holding down Alt. To convert the selection into a long living mask you can click on the button right below. There is also a vector mask Select the pen with P and you can create points alongside the butterfly Hold down the left mouse key and you can even create curves. If the curve path should be a straight path hold down Alt to convert the point. The tool on A lets you move already existing points. One more tool to convert Curves into straight lines If I am satisfied, I do a right click and select create vector mask. The butterfly is cut out and we still can move points in hindsight, whereas if you had used the eraser that would not have been possible. There is even a tab to save multiple paths. Ctrl + J duplicates the butterfly and to move the clone just use the tool on V which also gets activated if you hold down the ctrl key Guess what hotkey to use for the text tool, it is of course T Hold it to create a text field. Now type your text and with ctrl + A everthing gets selected so that choosing a color actually does something. (Eyedropper Tool on I is useful as well) Hold Ctrl to move the text Add fonts to your favorites Increase the space between characters And do literally everything with the text And there are a bunch of effects for any layer (not only text) The menu appears after double clicking a layer. Add a contour, shades, 3D, there is a lot to discover and afterwards you will spot a lot of those effects in real life. I add a glow so that it looks nicer on dark ground and there is a lot more I did not have time to mention All effects are displayed below the layer name and you can retract it with the arrow symbol. To copy the effect from one butterfly to the other, do a right click and select copy layer style. Paste it with another right click. Mask can be copied by ctrl c and v after holding down ctrl and click onto the layer ctrl + d=deselect If you want to cause a butterfly plague just copy them often enough and move them with ctrl hold down. If there are too many layers ctrl + E will reduce the layer on top down to the layer below, after that ctrl + J can be continued. ctrl+E and so on Wow, so many butterflies! And now they are gone. Ctrl + click gives us the selection again. The butterfly gets visible if I drag him some layers higher. To transform the object I use Ctrl + T If I hold down the shift key the proportions stay the same. Do not shrink the object and enlarge it afterwards! (Smart objects are the solution for this problem) Confirm your transformation with Ctrl + Enter Undo the pixel salad with ctrl + alt + Z Right click after Ctrl + T unleashes a lot of options. Rotating for example Move the anchor point, so that the text rotates around the B or the Y. If the text gets rendered I cannot change the letters anymore, but on the other hand it can be contorted. Escape cancels a transformation. If the text should become a mask itself you can create a clipping mask with ctrl + alt + G The effect is astounding. The clipping mask affects only the layer below a normal correction mask would cover every layer below And we are still not finished, what do these areas mean? At first sight Opacity (Deckkraft) and Fill (Fläche) determine the same thing – how intensive it is shown. One however does not affect layer effects the other does. With this icon you can fixate transparent pixels thus you cannot paint on pixels beyond the butterfly If you fixate all pixels, you cannot paint anything on it But you still can move the layer. There is also a movement lock and in the end of course the total lock. You can mark layers by holding down ctrl while clicking All marked layers can be moved simultaneously With Ctrl + G they can be grouped Shift is helpful as well Groups are really helpful, especially when using a ton of layers If the name is not layer 34 but a real name the search field is a handy help. Toggle between normal and search view. But why is there this “Normal” thing? These are the layer modes. Usefol for instance if you primarily want to display the dark colors of your layer, depending on where it is. Bright colors, mingled and further down some special modes. There is also the marking mode that can be activated with Q The painted area gets reddish and one Q press later it turns into a selection. Also important: G to pour color and to add a gradient. The left color becomes blue, in the middle white and right red. Now I can draw a line along which the gradient is going to be created There are different modes. And there is also C This large resolution image gets cropped with C so that everything outside gets thrown away for ever and the resolution is finally normal. To confirm the cut press enter. Objects can be drawn with U, like red circles for clickbait. There is an elaborate menu, where I can change the color No color is an option, too. Now the width gets determined. All those objects are a path that can be edited with P and A. Thus the circle gets distorted. Arrows in every color and shape – and again a big settings panel And we can also paste the layer styles from the butterfly And finally there is the big filter gallery Lots of filters, they are absolutely great. Blurry backdrop – Gaussian Blur Save the project as .psd to keep all layers and paths But since normal pictures are saved in jpeg or png you have to export it. I usually select jpeg except for when the image should be transparent, then I use .png Thanks for watching, subscribe for more.