Using brushes in Adobe Photoshop Ep12/33 [Adobe Photoshop for Beginners]

October 6, 2019 0 By Peter Engel

(upbeat music) – [Gareth] Hello and welcome
to this video tutorial. Gareth here, from In Photoshop, one of
the most creative tools is the brush tool. As you create in Photoshop, you will find the brush tool being used in all sorts of creative scenarios, such as drawing, painting, erasing, refining, creating textures, and masks. In this tutorial, I will be introducing
you to the brush tool, demonstrating how it works, and giving you some tips on what to look out for when using it. So to follow along with this video, you will need to open this document I have prepared especially
for this tutorial. This document can be found in the essential practice
folder, in the project folder. Now, you can download this
project folder for free. The download link is in the description. So with the project folder open, click essential practice,
open the brushes folder, and open the brushes PSD. Then you should have something
that looks like this. Now, along the way, I will be mentioning some useful shortcut keys which you can find in the description, and on the shortcut-key
page on the project PDF, which you can also download
in the description. So in this tutorial, I will be referencing and using specific panels. To follow along, you till
need your brush panel and your brush presets panel visible. If you cannot see your panels, simply come up to window
and select the brush and the brush presets panel from there. Now, for the sake of this tutorial, I’m just going to drag them out
of my panel set on the right so you can see exactly
what I’m doing here. Notice that currently these
panels are grayed out. These panels are currently inactive, and that is because I currently
have the move tool active. So the brush tool can be found in the main menu about
a third of the way down. Now, you can either select
the brush tool from the menu, or use the keyboard shortcut. By pressing B on the keyboard, you can quickly activate the brush tool. It’s important to mention, at this point, that if you wish to use the brush tool, you will first need an
existing layer to work on, or create a new layer for
your new brush stroke. In this case, if we look
in the layers panel, I have this layer called practice layer. Currently, this is a transparent layer, and we know this because we can see the grid texture in the image thumbnail. So I’ll select this layer for now. Now, upon pressing B to
activate the brush tool, notice the brush panels
have now become active. So before we look at using the brush tool, I’m going to first touch
on what these panels are, so you understand how
these will work later. So the first panel here is
the brush presets panel. Now, this panel is like your pencil case. This panel contains a variety
of brushes you can use. The nice thing about this panel is that it’s a good visual reference giving you a good idea of what effect a
particular brush will make, should you use it. When you install Photoshop, it will come with a wide range
of brushes pre-installed. As we scroll down in this panel, we can see the variety we have on offer. To activate the brush, simply select one. To change the size of the brush, you can simply toggle the size on the top of the panel, like so. So with the brush tool active, you will notice the mouse cursor change. With the brush tool active, it will display what type of brush you have currently
selected, and what size, in the form of a thin outline. This here has given you
a good visual indication of what you’re about to use. For example, I’ll select
a hard round brush and set the size to 40 pixels. If I move my mouse into the white area, the canvas area, I can see
what size the brush is, represented by a circle
outline as the cursor. Now, I’ll come over to my foreground color and make sure this is black. Then, if I click and draw quickly, I can see that the mouse cursor shows a good representation of what the result will be. I’ll just press Comman + Zed to undo that. If I come back into the brush preset panel and push the size up to 200, then move my mouse cursor
into the white area, the canvas area, we can
see a bigger outline. This is Photoshop telling me that this is how big the
brush is going to be next. So I’ll click and draw, and we can see that’s a bigger brush. I’ll just press Command
+ Zed to undo that. This time, I’ll come into
the brush presets panel, I’ll scroll down, and select a different kind of brush, a chalk brush. I’ll push the brush size up, move my mouse cursor into the canvas area, here we can see a very
different brush from the last. If I click and paint, like so, we can see the effect that brush has. So the first thing to
remember with the brush tool, when the tool is active, the mouse cursor will
always display the brush and the brush size you’re about to use. This comes in very handy. So next, we have the brush panel. Now, this panel works to customize a particular
brush we have selected. Up in the top right here, we have a reference to
all the brushes contained in the brush presets panel, and over on the left here, we have quite a variety of settings we can toggle to change
the nature of a brush, and we shall be getting into that a little later in this video. So it’s important to know that these two panels go
hand in hand with each other. Notice, as I select a brush
from the brush preset panel, we are loading these details
into the brush panel below. Now, when using the brush tool, it’s also important to keep
an eye on the control panel, so at this point, I’m going to close the brush preset and the brush panel so we can no longer see them. Now, I have just demonstrated how important these panels are, to choose a brush, and
potentially customize a brush. But we can also do this
up in the control panel, very quickly and easily. We don’t necessarily need the two panels visible
at all times to do this. When you have the brush tool active, you will notice the control panel will display a variety of details regarding the current brush selected. As a beginner, in the control panel, the main things you
need to pay attention to are the brush preset toggle, here we can see at a glance
which brush we have selected and at what size. Now, if we wish to
change the active brush, we can do so swiftly by
clicking on the dropdown. From here, we can choose
any brush we like, just like in the brush presets panel. On this occasion, I’ll
select a hard-rounded brush. Now, also, in the menu, we
can tweak the brush size. I can either click and drag the handle, or click inside the value
and type in a precise value. Next to this, on the control panel, we have an icon that looks like a folder. Now, if we click this, this will activate the brush panel. As mentioned earlier,
it’s this panel we can use to toggle the current brush settings. I’ll close this for now. We will be coming back to this shortly. The last big one we have to
pay attention to is opacity. When using the brush tool, it’s crucial to pay attention to this. If this is set to
anything other than 100%, when you draw, you will have transparency. Now, this can be very useful
depending on your task. So remember, when using the brush tool, always keep an eye on the control panel, and it’s from there you can customize your
brush settings quickly. So now let’s take a look at this exercise document I have open. Here, I have a number of brush strokes I have previously created
in various colors. We have stamps, a freehand stroke, a straight line, a pointed
line, and a custom brush. So let’s have a go at creating these over on the right. This will be a simple exercise, just to get to grips with the basics of using the brush tool. So first, we are going
to create these stamps. So here we have six simple stamps of various brush sizes. So we are going to start with the hard brush set to 20 pixels. Now, before you use the brush tool, you will need an existing
layer to work on, or create a new layer for
your new brush stroke. So I have just been
demonstrating the brush on the practice layer in the layers panel, but now I’m going to create a new layer specifically for each brush type. So with the practice layer selected, in the layers panel, I’ll
just press Command + Shift + N to create a new layer, I’ll call this stamps, and click okay. So I’ll press B to
activate the brush tool, I’ll come up into the control panel, click on the brush preset panel, and make sure to select a hard brush. Now, I’m simply going to
click into the size area with my mouse, and type 20. Then I’ll simply press
Enter on the keyboard. So now I can see I have the right brush. I can see the mouse cursor displaying the right brush
size in the document layer. Next, I’ll make sure the opacity is set to 100%. Now I’m ready to come over
and click on the guide. Before that, I want to change
the color of the brush. Notice in the menu, the foreground color is currently set to black. Now, up here, in the top-right,
I have a color palette, and this will be where
we can source our color. So I’ll press I on the keyboard to activate the eyedropper tool, I’ll select the blue
color from the sample, and now my foreground
color has been set to blue. Now, I’ll press B again to
activate the brush tool. In Photoshop, when you set a brush, then use other tools, when you come back to the brush tool, Photoshop will remember your last brush. So here we are back to our
hard brush, at 20 pixels. Excellent. So next, I’m simply going to come over to the guide, and click once. Easy. By clicking once, we will
create a small, solid circle, as the brush is a hard, rounded brush. So next, I’m going to
create a stamp at 60 pixels. Now this time, instead of coming all the way back up to the control panel, if I right-click on the mouse, up will pop the brush presets panel. This is a quick way to
select or edit a brush fast. So in the popup menu, I can type into the size value and type in 60 pixels,
and then press Enter. Now, unless I change anything else, all my other settings should
be the same as before, and my foreground color
is still set to blue. So I’ll just click on the
next circle in the guide. Easy. Next, I’ll change my brush size to 150. Again, I’ll right-click and type in 150. Press enter, and click on the guide. And there we have three stamps in various sizes, in the hard brush. So that’s how you can
quickly change the brush size to create various size circles. Very simple. So next to this hard brush sample, we can see we have a
different kind of brush. With my brush still set to 150 pixels, I’ll right-click and change the brush to a soft, rounded brush. I’ll come over and
click on the next guide. So in Photoshop, we also have this nice, soft, feathered brush. This brush can come in very
useful for soft brush effects, glows and gradient effects, all of which we will be learning about later in the course. Now, unlike the hard brush,
that is solid throughout, this feathered brush fades to nothing, from the center of the
circle out to the end, across the radius. The hard-rounded brush
and the soft-rounded brush are the two basic brushes. So I’ll right-click, change
the brush to 60 pixels, and again, quickly
click on the next guide. And lastly, one more time, but this time, change the brush to 20 and click on the end, like so. So now I have these brush stamps I just created on a single layer. If I press V to activate the move tool, I can click and drag these around like so. Easy. So next, I’m going to look
at using the brush tool in a freehand way. So the foreground color
is still set to blue, and I’m going to press I to
activate the eyedropper tool, and I will select the
purple up in the right, to set my foreground color
to the new color, like so. Great. So currently, I have the soft
rounded brush still active from the previous task. Well, that’s okay, as for this task, I want to use a 50-pixel
soft rounded brush. So I’ll right-click, change my brush size, and next I’ll attempt to
draw a freehand stroke over my guide here on the left. But before that, I want
to create a new layer. Now, I don’t have to create a new layer. I could simply continue to
draw on the stamps layer. But if I do so, I will
not have the flexibility to move them around separately. So I’ll press Command + Shift + N to create a new layer, I’ll call this new layer
freehand, and click okay. So with my new layer created, I’ll click and draw a freehand
stroke over the guide. If I press V, I can again move
this layer around separately. Nice. So up until now, we have looked at how the brush tool can create stamps and be used in a freehand manner. Next, I want to
demonstrate some techniques with some keyboard commands. So next we have a straight line here. In some creative instances, you may need to create a straight line when using the brush tool. We can do this rather easily. So first, let’s set up the brush. For this, I’m going to
use a hard-rounded brush set to 20 pixels. I’ll press I to use the eyedropper tool to select the green color. I’ll press Command + Shift
+ N to create a new layer. I’ll name this straight line. So this time, I’m going to first place my mouse cursor
at the start location, this being the beginning of
my guide here on the left. Now, I’m going to press and
hold Shift on the keyboard, and then click once to
put down a starting point. With Shift still held on the keyboard, I’ll move my mouse
cursor over to the right and click once at the end, like so. Upon click, I will draw a straight line. So by pressing and holding
shift on the keyboard when using the brush tool, you can click once, then click again, and wherever you click, it
will join them seamlessly. Okay, so for the next task, I’m going to use the same principle but take it one step further. So I’ll change my brush color to red, I’ll change my brush size to five, I’ll create a new layer
and call this “Point,” and come over and focus on the new task. So this time, I’ll move my mouse cursor over where I would like to begin, I’ll press and hold
shift just like before, I’ll click once to start, move my mouse to the next point, and click again to create a seamless line. This time, I’ll keep the shift button held down on the keyboard, then I’ll move to the next
point, and click once more. And the line will continue seamlessly. I’ll still keep shift held down and continue to click
once again, and again, until I move to the very end, like so. So by holding shift, not only can you create
a seamless line stroke in a straight line, but you can continue to click and draw straight, seamless lines,
however long you like. Simply release shift to finish. So the last task I would
like to demonstrate, and for you to have a go
at, is a custom brush. Up until now, we have been
using rather simple brushes to experiment with simple stroke effects. Now, in Photoshop, you can customize a
brush quite drastically. So I’m going to create a new layer and call this custom brush. I’ll use the eyedropper tool to pick the orange from
the color reference, to change the foreground color, I’ll press B to activate the brush tool, and I’m going to keep the
brush size set at 20 pixels, but this time I’m going to
click on the folder icon next to the preset up
in the control panel. Upon click, this will
activate the brush panel. Now remember earlier, I mentioned this is where we
can customize the settings of a particular brush. So let’s take a look at how
we can customize a brush. So at first glance, we can see there are a lot
of things we can toggle. For this example, I’m first going to start with the spacing. So I’ll click and drag this like so. As I drag left and right, this will toggle the
smoothness of the stroke line. Now, if we keep in mind that a brush is made of a simple unit and replicate it seamlessly
to create a single line, if we alter properties,
such as the spacing, we will begin to treat
each unit separately to create an interesting outcome. On this occasion, I’m going to push this right up to 350%. Now, on the left here, we have some more
categories we can toggle. So I’ll click on shape dynamics, I’ll push size jitter up to 70%, I’ll push the angle jitter up to 70%, and I’ll push the roundness jitter to 70%. So these will randomize the size, angle, and roundness of each
individual unit in the brush. Next, I’ll click on scattering. Now, I’ll push scatter right up to 960%, I’ll toggle the count to three, and toggle the count jitter to 20%. So here I have toggled the potential value to scatter each unit and how many units will be generated. So with that, I’ll come to my guide, click on the left, at the start point, and draw to the right. Upon release, I can click and draw back over the left, on top, and draw more. Here we have this interesting effect. So by toggling the various brush settings, we can get some interesting results. Now, should I wish to keep
my settings for this brush, to use again in future, I can simply save the brush settings. So save a new brush, I can come back into the brush panel, come to the top-right of the panel, and click on the top menu icon. From the dropdown, I’ll
select new brush preset. Upon click, a menu will appear
where I can name the brush. I’ll call this brush scatter
brush, and click okay. Now, if I come into
the brush presets panel and scroll down to the bottom, we can see the new brush. So this will be here to use
again and again in future. Excellent. So that is a brief introduction to brushes in Adobe Photoshop. Be sure to practice those exercises and explore more brushes
in the brushes panel. Now, in Photoshop, not only
can you customize a brush, but you can also create a
custom brush from scratch. If you would like to learn
how to create a custom brush, you can watch another video
where I demonstrate this. Simply click the screen. You can also find the
link in the description, or in the course PDF document in the additional training section. In this video, we learned
about the brush tool and how we can use it to create. In the next video, we will be seeing an example of how the brush tool can be used to refine and manipulate
images in Photoshop. In the next video, we will
be looking at techniques to erase and manipulate
images in Photoshop. See you in the next video.